Summary List of Norris Health Posts

  • Common drugs used in soft tissue injury

    Common drugs used in soft tissue injury

    Many sports and soft tissue injuries (STI) result in inflammation, with the tissue feeling hot and painful and the body part being red and swollen.  Although inflammation itself is an essential part of the healing processes of the body, sometimes the reaction can be excessive.  Anti-inflammatory treatments are designed to …
  • Personal training – should you, or shouldn’t you?

    Personal training – should you, or shouldn’t you?

    When you exercise, it is not just how much you do or how hard you work which is important, but how you perform an exercise.  To put it more succinctly, exercise quality is as important (and sometimes more important) than exercise quantity.  Any exercise is designed to place physical stress …
  • Shoulder Impingement

    Shoulder Impingement

    About 30% of all types of shoulder pain is due to impingement and unfortunately of this group, over half of patients report symptoms continuing after 3 years.  Getting the right diagnosis and management of this condition is therefore important.  The condition can be managed both surgically and conservatively (without surgery), …
  • Shockwave Therapy

    Shockwave Therapy

    History Shockwave therapy was used over 30 years ago, originally as an alternative to surgery for treating kidney stones and gallstones (lithotripsy).  The shockwave breaks up the stone, so the calcium deposits are passed out in the urine.  The effect of breaking up deposits was taken up by orthopaedic surgeons …
  • Sports massage therapy – saint or sinner?

    Sports massage therapy – saint or sinner?

    Massage is a very old technique and one which often occurs naturally to both humans and animals. When a child cries because they knocked their knee, we sometimes ‘rub it better’ and when a dog hurts his paw he often licks himself. Each of these actions can be seen as …
  • Runners throat – Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in sport

    Runners throat – Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in sport

    What is it? An upper respiratory tract infection or URTI occurs when the air passages leading from the nose towards the lungs become inflamed.  The upper respiratory tract (URT) itself consists of the hollow nasal cavity behind the nose, the pharynx and larynx (throat and voicebox).  These in-turn lead to …
  • Hamstring injuries (Part 2)

    Hamstring injuries (Part 2)

    We have seen (part 1) that the structure and function of the hamstrings is used to guide the rehabilitation process.  To be truly effective, Hamstring rehabilitation must be multifactorial, and a number of factors are important.  Let’s begin by looking at changes in the lumbar spine, pelvis, and neural systems. …
  • Hamstring injuries (part 1)

    Hamstring injuries (part 1)

    Injury rate Hamstring injury is common in sport, and these injuries frequently recur.  Up to 12% of sports injuries may be to the hamstrings (Ekstrand et al 2011), and it is the  most common muscle injury in male footballers (Schuermans et al 2014).  Recurrence rates vary between 12-63% depending on …
  • Yoga Bandhas – what are they and how do we use them

    Yoga Bandhas – what are they and how do we use them

    Yoga is becoming more and more popular nowadays, with classes available in most gyms and sports centres.  Styles vary, from traditional types focusing on postures, breathing, and meditation to more fitness based types designed to make you break out in a sweat.  Many tops sports teams use yoga now for …
  • Shin splints

    Shin splints

    The term ‘shin splints’ is often used as a blanket description of any persistent pain occurring between the knee and ankle in an athlete. The condition has a number of names including Exercise Induced Leg Pain (EILP), Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS),  Exertional Lower Limb Pain (ELLP), and Biomechanical Overload …
  • Kneecap pain

    Kneecap pain

    Pain around the kneecap, officially termed patellofemoral pain (PFP) accounts for up to 17% of knee pain seen generally, and up to 40% of knee problems seen in the sporting population (Crossley et al 2016), with up to 7% of adolescents between the ages of 15-19 years suffering with the …
  • Knee arthritis

    Knee arthritis

    Knee pain is a common complaint, especially in the over 50’s.  Studies have shown that almost half of over 50’s complain of pain in the knee, and in about 25% it lasts for a prolonged period, being termed chronic (Urquhart et al 2015).  Chronic knee pain can lead to a …
  • Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

    Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

    Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a cause of persistent pain around the medial malleolus.  It is also a leading cause of flat foot disorders, especially in seniors.  The prevalence rate is 3.3% in the over 40’s, which is actually  greater than that for Achilles tendinopathy in the non-athletic population …
  • Heel pain

    Heel pain

    What is it Heel pain, or as it is officially known Chronic Plantar heel pain (CPHP) is usually a change in the nature of the tissue within the sole of your foot, attaching to your heel bone called the Plantarfascia.  This structure acts as a strong guidewire between the heel …
  • Acupuncture

    Acupuncture

    History Acupuncture is generally believed to have started in China, with the first systemised record being The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine published in 100BC.  Prior to this time sharpened stones (Bian stones) have been found, and the evidence of tattooing at acupuncture like points over arthritic joints which …
  • Sports Injuries self treatment

    Sports Injuries self treatment

    We all know the situation.  Training is going well, and suddenly you trip over a tree root when out running and twist your ankle, or pull something in the gym.  The action you take next is important, because it can dictate how long you are away from sport.  You will …
  • Yoga as Therapy

    Yoga as Therapy

    Yoga is a traditional exercise form which is said to have existed for thousands of years, but over the last 20 years we have seen a rapid grown in yoga classes in the Western world with this type of exercise becoming the latest exercise fashion.  In parallel with this growth …
  • Iliotibial band syndrome

    Iliotibial band syndrome

    Ilio Tibial Band Syndrome (ITBS) is a painful condition which can affect the outside of the knee or hip.  In runners, when pain occurs on the outside of the knee it is often termed ‘runners knee’ and when at the hip, ‘clicking hip’.  Studies have shown the condition to occur …
  • Over training syndrome

    Over training syndrome

    To be effective, training has to be progressive.  This means that your body will change (adapt) to the stresses that an exercise places on it (overload).  Take as an example an arm curl action in the gym.  If you lifted 5kg, that is probably less than you would lift in …
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition which can cause pins and needles, aching, or numbness in your hand and fingers.  It affects middle aged people more (40-60 years), and women more commonly than men. Between 50-65% of cases occur bilaterally.  Typically CTS affects the thumb and first two …